Preview lessons, content and tests

Computer Science & Programming solved. All in one platform.

1. To trial the platform and take tests, please take a few seconds to SIGN UP and SET UP FREE.

2. Searching for something specific? See our text overview of all tests. Scroll right for levels, and lists.

3. Student and Teacher User Guides |  Schemes of Work |   Real Teacher use Videos |


Join 30000+ teachers and students using TTIO.

Indexes and Web Crawlers

A Web crawler, sometimes called a spider or spiderbot and often shortened to crawler, is an Internet bot that systematically browses the World Wide Web, typically for the purpose of Web indexing (web spidering).

Additional Information

Web search engines and some other websites use Web crawling or spidering software to update their web content or indices of other sites' web content. Web crawlers copy pages for processing by a search engine, which indexes the downloaded pages so that users can search more efficiently.

Crawlers consume resources on visited systems and often visit sites without approval. Issues of schedule, load, and "politeness" come into play when large collections of pages are accessed. Mechanisms exist for public sites not wishing to be crawled to make this known to the crawling agent. For example, including a robots.txt file can request bots to index only parts of a website, or nothing at all.

The number of Internet pages is extremely large; even the largest crawlers fall short of making a complete index. For this reason, search engines struggled to give relevant search results in the early years of the World Wide Web, before 2000. Today, relevant results are given almost instantly.

www.teachyourselfpython.com