1. MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface) - used to record synthesised music on your computer system
2. A keyboard is usually used with each note in a tune having a set of attributes which the user can then ____________________
3. Common attributes of notes stored as MIDI data include:
4. MIDI is an agreed ________ from the early 80s that allows computers, digital musical instruments and other hardware to communicate musical instructions, regardless of manufacturer.
5. MIDI is different in that it only stores or transmits commands about the music (the notes etc), and not ___________________
6. Notes (events) are instructions and include:
7. A MIDI controller is a piece of hardware or software that creates and transmits MIDI data to other MIDI devices.
8. To record or edit a MIDI project, a ___________ is also needed. A _________ will send playback instructions (data) to any connected and compatible output components
9. MIDI is a recording of actual audio and not a recording of data events.
10. Why is it possible to edit MIDI easily and play it back to sound like any instrument?
11. MIDI - when stored - has a very large file size
12. MIDI represents only the playback information and not the audio itself. (this helps with file sizes)
13. Advantages of MIDI include:
14. MIDI was invented so that electronic or digital musical instruments could communicate with each other and so that one instrument can ________________
15. Because MIDI is a set of commands that create sound, MIDI sequences can be manipulated in ways that prerecorded audio cannot
16. The ___________________ is a file format that provides a standardized way for music sequences to be saved, transported, and opened in other systems.
17. A MIDI file is not an audio recording. Rather, it is a set of instructions – for example, for pitch or tempo.
18. MIDI can use a thousand times less disk space than the equivalent recorded audio
19. Computers can use software to generate sounds, which are then passed through a digital-to-analog converter (DAC) to a power amplifier and loudspeaker system
20. Early PC games were distributed on floppy disks, and the small size of MIDI files made them a viable means of providing soundtracks