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02 - Software Classification

 1. AI software has now been created to help protect water suppliers. This is considered more efficient than a small team of humans analysing the water supply for different types of bacteria
systemsoftware_softwareclassification1.png

  False

  True

 2. What is software?

  The devices to connect you to a network

  The wires and switches

  The programs and other operating information used by a computer

  The physical components of a computer

 3. What must software be translated into for the hardware to 'understand'?

  Machine code

  High level language

  Object code

  Low level language

 4. The following are all types of what…
1) Firmware 2) Operating systems 3) Software applications

  Firewalls

  Security

  Hardware

  Software

 5. What is firmware?
systemsoftware_softwareclassification2.png

  A hardware device to enhance internet speed

  A program working with the operating system

  A program embedded onto a hardware device

  A hardware device to enhance system security

 6. What is an operating system?

  Software that allows the user to connect to the internet

  A hardware device to enhance system security

  A platform that gives the user an interface to the hardware

  A hardware device to enhance internet speed

 7. What is software?

  Hardware required to make the operating system function

  Binary bits hard coded into the computer

  None of these options apply

  A material (tangible) interface that you can touch

 8. Most hardware components (except for the very simplest ones) have firmware.

  True

  False

 9. What are computer models?

  Software applications used to create models that help us to understand and improve real-world and imaginary situations

  Computers made from plastic

  Software to simulate the way operating systems work

  Redundant hardware on your computer

 10. What are the benefits of using computer models?
1) It makes it possible to repeat tests under different conditions 
2) It takes a lot longer than setting up real-life scenarios
3) It makes it possible to model dangerous situations, safely
systemsoftware_softwareclassification3.png

  2 & 3

  1

  1 & 3

  2

 11. What is off the-shelf-software?

  Software designed and written for a single organisation or group of users

  Software only sold in supermarkets

  Software designed to provide a general set of features that a broad range of customers will find useful

  Software developed by a single organisation

 12. What is bespoke software?

  Software only sold in supermarkets

  Software designed and written for a single organisation or group of users

  Software developed by a single organisation

  Software designed to provide a general set of features that a broad range of customers will find useful

 13. Which of the following statements is an accurate description for 'proprietary software'?
1) Software that is free and openly available to everyone (people who 
create open source productspublish the code and allow others to use 
and modify it) 

2) Software that legally remains the property of the organisation, group,
or individual who created it

3) Software that is licensed at no cost, or for an optional fee 
(It is usually closed source)
systemsoftware_softwareclassification4.png

  3

  None of these options apply

  1

  2

 14. Which of the following statements is an accurate description for 'free software'?
1) Software that is free and openly available to everyone (people who create open source
products publish the code and allow others to use and modify it) 

2) Software that legally remains the property of the organisation, group, or individual 
who created it 

3) Software that is licensed at no cost, or for an optional fee (It is usually closed source)

  2

  None of these options apply

  3

  1

 15. Which of the following statements is an accurate description for 'open source software'?
1) Software that is free and openly available to everyone (people who create open
source products publish the code and allow others to use and modify it) 

2) Software that legally remains the property of the organisation, group, or 
individual who created it

3) Software that is licensed at no cost, or for an 
optional fee (It is usually closed source)

  None of these options apply

  1

  2

  3

 16. State an example of an open source software?

  Call of Duty

  Python

  3

  None

 17. State an example of a proprietary software?

  Photoshop

  Google Chrome

  Python

  Linux

 18. Software includes system software and ?.

  application software

  windows software

  malware

  All of the above

 19. Systems software includes:

  operating systems software

  All of the listed options are valid examples of systems software

  utility software

  BIOS

 20. A driver is:

  another world for a mini operating system only used in embedded systems

  a program called by a peripheral manager to operate a device (e.g. printers)

  A piece of hardware that is masked as software

  a bit of software that drives the functioning of the operating system itself