History of programming languages

 1. We often refer to generations of programming languages. Fill in the blanks in the excerpt below
1GL or first-generation language was (and still is) machine language or 
the level of instructions and data that the processor is actually given
 to work on(which in conventional computers is a string of ______________).



  0s and 1s


 2. 2GL or second-generation language is assembler (sometimes called ____________________. A typical 2GL instruction looks like this:
Note: It is well worth watching the video to understand the context of programming languages and their history

  bridging language

  assembly) language

  compiler language

  translator language

 3. 3GL or third-generation language is a "_______________ such as Python, Java or Visual Basic

  fine level programming language

  machine code language

  "low level" programming language

  "high-level" programming language,

 4. Many would say that the first high-level programming language was __________ created by Konrad Zuse.





 5. The first high-level language to have an associated compiler, was created by Corrado Böhm in 1951, for his PhD thesis



 6. The first commercially available language was _________ first developed in 1954) by a team led by John Backus at IBM





 7. In the 1940s, the first recognizably modern electrically powered computers were created. The limited speed and memory capacity forced programmers to write hand tuned …

  assembly language programs

  high level language programs

  python programs

  C programs

 8. Read the historical excerpt below and fill in the blanks
John Mauchly's Short Code, proposed in 1949, was one of the first high-level 
languages ever developed for an electronic computer.

Unlike machine code, 
Short Code statements represented mathematical expressions in 
However, the program had to be translated into 
machine code every time it ran, making the process much 
slower than running the equivalent machine code. 

  completely misunderstood form

  machine code form

  binary form which could not be understood

  understandable form

 9. Altair basic was a modificaftion of the BASIC language that was developed at Dartmouth College



 10. With the age of the internet, some notable languages that arose are as follows. What is significant about Javascript?
1990 – Haskell
1991 – Python
1991 – Visual Basic
1993 – Lua
1993 – R
1994 – CLOS (part of ANSI Common Lisp)
1995 – Ruby
1995 – Ada 95                                                    
1995 – Java
1995 – Delphi (Object Pascal)
1995 – JavaScript
1995 – PHP
1997 – Rebol

  Nothing in particular

  It is both server side and client side making it very powerful

  It is just a client side language (used by front-end developers)

  It is a language that even monkey's can use to code