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Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI) refers to the simulation of human intelligence in machines that are programmed to think like humans and mimic their actions. The term may also be applied to any machine that exhibits traits associated with a human mind such as learning and problem-solving

Suggested Video

Meet Kismet

Meet Kismet (above) -  a robot with rudimentary social skills

Key Points

AI is being developed in the following areas:

-1- Game Playing Computers developed to play games against human players.For example: In 1997 a computer named 'Deep-Blue' defeated a world champion in the game of chess.

-2- Expert Systems These are computers that have been programmed to make decisions based on information they are given.For example: Medical expert systems can diagnose patient's illnesses based on symptoms entered.

-3- Languages This type of AI involves computers that can understand different human languages as they are spoken to them.

-4- Robotics Robotic artificial intelligence is where machines are programmed to imitate a human.

Potential Threats

  • Privacy - if a PC is able to listen to and analyse all human conversations, via telephone or email.
  • Human dignity - AI shouldn't be used for the purpose of jobs that actually require respect and care (e.g. a nurse)
  • Survival - AI could cause problems with trying to survive against more intelligent machines like AI.


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