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Introduction to TCP/IP

The Internet Protocol (IP) is the address system of the Internet and has the core function of delivering packets of information from a source device to a target device. IP is the primary way in which network connections are made, and it establishes the basis of the Internet. IP does not handle packet ordering or error checking. Such functionality requires another protocol, typically TCP.

Great context for the four layer model and TCP/IP

The TCP/IP relationship is similar to sending someone a message written on a puzzle through the mail. The message is written down and the puzzle is broken into pieces. Each piece then can travel through a different postal route, some of which take longer than others. When the puzzle pieces arrive after traversing their different paths, the pieces may be out of order. The Internet Protocol makes sure the pieces arrive at their destination address. The TCP protocol can be thought of as the puzzle assembler on the other side who puts the pieces together in the right order, asks for missing pieces to be resent, and lets the sender know the puzzle has been received. TCP maintains the connection with the sender from before the first puzzle piece is sent to after the final piece is sent. Source: CloudFlare Read more

TCP Explained

Additional Reading

https://www.computerhope.com/jargon/t/tcpip.htm

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transmission_Control_Protocol

https://www.guru99.com/tcp-ip-model.html

https://www.plixer.com/blog/network-layers-explained/

TCP/IP and UDP Compared

https://youtu.be/ZZQ0CQZ4Mqw

www.teachyourselfpython.com