05 - CPU Interesting facts and trivia

 1. The first commercial microprocessor, the Intel 4004, was introduced in 1971. True or False.



 2. What did one of the first intel processors actually do?

  It was just a model -couldn't actually do anything

  A lot - it could power video games, 3d DVDs and powered the very first robotic arm which operated on the moon

  It could add and subtract up to 4 billion bits at a time and powered the calculations that led to the atomic bomb.

  Not much -- it could only add and subtract four bits at a time -- it powered one of the first portable calculators.

 3. Out of what material are computer chips made?





 4. Much of the microprocessor-producing industry is located in the San Francisco Bay Area in Southern California and has earned the nickname of "Silicon Valley." True or False?



 5. The width of the smallest wire on a computer chip is typically measured in:


  microns (Note: human hair is about 100 microns thick)



 6. Computer chip designers create language instructions that the microprocessor reads. What translates the words from the instructions into bit patterns the chip can understand?
Because humans aren't very good at remembering complex bit patterns, the _____________
translates semantic instructions developed by designers into a language the CPU can use.





 7. Jack Kilby was named as the father of processors. Engineers from the company __________________________ is building a first integrated circuit in 1958, teridir on an oscillator in a small band of germanium. Some pioneers in microelectronics, he later rece

  Texas Instruments




 8. The CPU is often compared to the brain. The brain needs nutrients like oxygen and sugar for power; the computer needs ________ to keep working




  binary food

 9. In 2018 this company claims to have produced a super powerful processor (see video below)





 10. DARPA, the US military’s R&D division, has been awarded a Guinness World Record for creating the world’s fastest solid-state chip, clocked at one terahertz — or __________ gigahertz