07 - Final Test

 1. What can viruses affect?

  All of the above


  Hard drive


 2. How do hackers use viruses?

  To make a computer unusable

  To get someone's personal information

  All of the above

  To find out card or bank detals

 3. Sending requests to a single server using hijacked machines is:


  a networked hack attack

  a worm attack

  a DDOS attack

 4. Social engineering, phishing and worms are examples of:


  Social engineering

  Data interception

  Hardware scams

 5. Data travels across networks in ….
(and it is these ___________ that are often under attack)

  text snippets




 6. A network of computers infected with malicious software and controlled as part of a group without the owner's knowledge is:





 7. Network forensics typically involves the examination of data sent across a network



 8. This is software that provides a 'barrier' between a potential hacker and the computer system


  anti virus software



 9. These define access permissions for a user (pertaining to a network)

  User access levels

  Group permissions

  Use maintenance


 10. Additional security requirements to use alongside passwords could include:

  limit the number of password guesses

  Require two-factor authentication

  All of the above

  Use password complexity rules (e.g. length and special characters)

 11. Encryption is a method of bypassing viruses and ensuring that code is stored as plain text securely.



 12. Typically, what level of access what a student have to the network, in a school?

  Access to all folders on the network

  Access to printers only

  Access to own documents, certain shared documents and the internet

  Full Access

 13. They are side effects of the freedom and ease of communicating online and therefore…

  it is unlikely cyber vulnerabilities will ever completely go away

  it is likely that cyber vulnerabilities will be eliminated in the next two years

  it is likely that the government will ban the internet from all homes and return it to government-only use

  None of the above

 14. An example of social engineering is:


  Telephone IVR Phishing


  Trojan Horses

 15. A example of a network policy that may help with security is:

  Data Theft



  Acceptable Use Policy

 16. Malware is a manufacturer of corrupt (but cheap) computer parts



 17. Viruses

  Do not need to attach to a program

  are transferred from monkeys and genetically engineered to make them harmful to computers

  need to attach to a program in order to operate

  are a type of social engineering

 18. Worms

  are a type of social engineering

  Do not need to attach to a program

  are transferred from monkeys and genetically engineered to make them harmful to computers

  need to attach to a program in order to operate

 19. Trojan Horses

  are a type of social engineering

  are designed to access a system by misleading users of intent by hiding behind 'harmless' downloads

  need to attach to a program in order to operate

  are transferred from monkeys and genetically engineered to make them harmful to computers

 20. Networks like the internet are wonderful inventions and they are risk-free and completely safe.
Note: The video provides an insight into cyber security



 21. The security that is associated with networks and particularly the internet is called:

  cyber dangerauthority

  sentinel security

  cyber security or 'cybersecurity'

  internet safehavenity

 22. One method of data interception is:

  breaking into a cable and physically peering through it

  listening to radio waves with a thermometer

  listening to communications between users without their permission

  logging in to an authorised web server

 23. Pharming is terrifying because the email can be legitimate but clicking on the link takes you to a hacker's website. How?

  This cannot be done

  The hacker may be the owner of the internet so knows it all

  All of the above

  The hacker may modify certain files on your computer or hack the DNS server

 24. ____________ is when the perpetrator obtains information while watching you use the device they want access to.





 25. Baiting is like the real-world Trojan horse that uses physical media and relies on the _____________ of the victim

  health and wealth

  wickedness and technological ability

  curiosity or greed

  religion or ethnicity

 26. Organisations can reduce their security risks by:

  Performing unannounced periodic tests of the security framework

  Training employees in security protocols relevant to their position

  Establishing clear company security protocols (rules) and procedures for handling sensitive data

  All of the above

 27. An example of blagging is a hacker calling a company and pretending to be their network manager.
Blagging is the art of convincing an individual you are someone else in order to obtain sensitive information



 28. The attacks used in social engineering can be used to steal employees' confidential information. One common type of social engineering …

  happens via privately secured skype calls

  happens over the phone

  happens between machines

  happens via the download of Microsoft products

 29. Another example of social engineering is a criminal posing as exterminators, fire marshals and technicians to go unnoticed and…

  steal anti virus software

  steal nothing

  steal company secrets

  steal engineering devices (e.g. cranes)

 30. Spyware are programs that inject adverts into pages and programs on your computer with the aim that the hacker gets advertising revenue



 31. Spyware gathers data about people without their knowledge, including sensitive data like passwords



 32. You can minimise the risk of malware by:

  All of the above

  installing Anti Virus software

  avoiding going to unknown or 'dodgy' websites

  running regular system scans

 33. Some spyware can even use your laptop or comptuer's webcam without your knowledge!



 34. The following list are methods that ….
Biometric Measures
Password Systems
Using email confirmations to confirm user identity
Automatic software updates

  would facilitate attacks and weaken a system or network

  are developed by programmers to test a system

  are developed by hackers to attack a system

  would help prevent cyber security attacks if used correctly

 35. A common form of biometric security scanning used in school canteens and mobile phones is:

  the use of CAPTCHAs

  Automatic software updates

  fingerprint scanners

  telephone virus installations

 36. A longer password is always better in terms of a hacker being able to brute force hack it.
a password that contains letters a - z and is 
seven characters long could take just 8 seconds to hack

On the other hand a password that contains letters a - z
and is fourteen characters long could take several million
hours to brute-force hack…



 37. It is perfectly okay to communicate with strangers online so long as you only give them your phone number (and not your home address)



 38. In Cyber security the term "Resilience" refers to the ability of IT systems to recover from attack



 39. Cyber crime refers to any crime that involves computers and networks



 40. What does the term 'cyber' refer to?

  The term 'cyber' was invented by the egyptians and is another word for 'binary' (two)

  relating to inappropriate actions or videos that are displayed across a network like the internet

  relating to or characteristic of the culture of computers, information technology, and virtual reality.

  The term 'cyber' means 'robot' in latin