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02 - Introducing Number Systems

 1. What is our 'western' current number system called and what 'base' is it?
Interesting fact: It may surprise you to know that the way we 'count' and do mathematics is not necessarily the same in different cultures.
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  Babylonian, Base 60

  Decimal, Base 10

  Octal, Base 8

  Binary, Base 2

 2. What does the 'base' of a number system refer to? (e.g. Base 10 for the Decimal system means….)

  …it is just a number, it doesn’t mean anything

  …that the number system can add numbers up 10 times

  …that there are 10 digits in the number system, e.g. 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9

  …it is a number that tells us how many years it took for the system to develop (e.g. 10)

 3. Binary is a base 2 system which means….

  It goes up to the number 'two' - so the numbers are 0,1,2

  It has two digits in use - 0 and 1

  It has two digits in use, 1 and 2

  None of the above

 4. Octal is a base 8 system which the yuki people used. What statement is true?
Note: if you are able to, this video is well worth a watch. 
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  It has eight numbers starting from 8 and going up to 16

  Numbers above 9 cannot be comprehended by the people using this number system

  It can only add up in groups of eight, and cannot understand anything that goes over 9

  It has eight digits, 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7

 5. So, what really is a number? Think about the number 675 in decimal- what does it mean?
datarep_numbersystems_q3.jpg

  The number 675 in decimal has six lots of '6', seven lots of '7' and five lots of '5'.

  None of the above

  The number 675, has six 'one hundreds', seven 'tens', and five, ones.

  The number 675 has 675 lots of one hundred

 6. The following diagram shows the place values for the number 675 in decimal (base 10). How do we get the place value 1000?
datarep_numbersystems_q4.png

  10 to the power of 3 would give us 1000

  None of the above

  10 to the power of 1000 would give us 1000

  10 to the power of 10 would give us 1000

 7. Have a read of the 'fact' on the image below. Is it true or false that the ancient babylonians used base 60?
datarep_numbersystems_q5.png

  True

  False

 8. The following binary number (in green) is ______ in Decimal?
datarep_numbersystems_q6.png

  3

  5

  2

  12

 9. Looking at the table below, what statement is true about the Hexadecimal number system?
datarep_numbersystems_q7.png

  The table shows that it has 16 digits. A in Hexadecimal is A in Decimal

  None of the above

  The table shows that it has numbers and letters as part of the system and this cannot be possible

  The table shows that it has 16 digits 0 to 9 and A to F. F in Hexadecimal is 15 in Decimal

 10. Here is an image showing the mayan number system. What base number system is it?
mayannumbersystem2.png

  20

  19

  10

  2