03 - Hacking and Hackers

 1. What is hacking?

  Getting access to someone's computer without their permission

  Using codes in games to get things

  Stealing people's computers

  Downloading software without paying for it

 2. Fill in the blanks.
People who secretly gain access to a computer in order to gain information or cause damage are called_______________.

  computer professionals



  Internet trolls

 3. What should you do first when you are being hacked?

  Update your software

  Report it immediately


  Change your passwords

 4. Which famous group of hackers is known as "digital Robin Hood" and recognizable by wearing a Guy Fawkes mask?



  Chaos Computer Club


 5. Fill in the blanks.
Vladimir Levin was a Russian hacker who broke into Citibank's computers and stole nearly $10 million by re-wiring it to various global accounts. The most famous part of Levin's hack was that he_________________.

  did not use the Internet to commit his crime

  was never caught

  gave the money back

  gave the money to charity

 6. Albert Gonzalez executed one of the largest-known identity thefts the world has ever seen.



 7. Fill in the blanks.
Astra is the pseudonym of a Greek hacker who infiltrated the computers of the French aviation company Dassault Group and stole weapons technology data for over five years. Astra____________________.

  later started working for the US Government.

  is a woman

  was sentenced to life in prison

  has never been identified

 8. Gary McKinnon, known as “Solo” on the internet, allegedly coordinated what would become the largest military computer hack of all time.



 9. Fill in the blanks.
In 2002, he was named the most dangerous hacker in the world. Over a 13-month period, he illegally accessed 97 computers belonging to the U.S. Armed Forces and NASA. He claimed he was only searching for information on free energy suppression and UFO cover-ups. His name is _____________________.

  Robert Tappan Morris

  Kevin Poulsen

  Gary McKinnon

  Albert Gonzalez

 10. In North Korea, top students are handpicked from the University of Automation to become members of which hacking group?




  Bureau 121

 11. Fill in the blanks.
______________________ is a large association of mostly German-speaking hackers. They have made a number of hacks where they consulted legal experts to make sure that what they were doing was legal. They gained notoriety in the 80's when they notified the Deutsche Bundespost of flaws in their online system.


  Chaos Computer Club

  Elderwood Group

  Tailored Access Operations

 12. Fill in the blanks.
Robert Tappan Morris is credited as the creator of the world’s first known___________________.

  Trojan horse

  macro virus

  computer worm

  FAT virus

 13. Fill in the blanks.
Authorities seized John McAfee's property for _________________ after an official came seeking political bribes from him. To get back at the Belize government and prove their corruption, he hacked every major computer from Belize government bureaucracies.

  no reason

  creating drugs in his lab

  tax evasion

  selling stollen cars

 14. What is a security exploit?

  A module studied by most Computer Science students

   A way of attempting to acquire information such as usernames, passwords, and credit card details by masquerading as a trustworthy entity in an electronic communication

  A mobile internet solution

   A prepared application that takes advantage of a known weakness

 15. What is Password cracking?

   A markup language

  A secret word or string of characters that is used for authentication, to prove identity or gain access to a resource

  A term used to describe the penetration of a network, system, or resource with or without the use of tools to unlock a resource that has been secured with a password

  A cryptographic protocol that provides communication security over the Internet.

 16. What is a "white hat" hacker?

   A hacker wearing a white hat

  All of the above

  Someone who specializes in penetration testing and in other testing methodologies to ensure the security of an organization's information systems

  Someone who breaks into a computer system or network with malicious intent.

 17. Gray Hat Hackers are the most dangerous type of hackers.



 18. Fill in the blanks.
______________ are groups of anonymous hackers who think they can bring about social changes and often hack government and organizations to gain attention or share their displeasure over opposing their line of thought.

  Malicious Insiders


  Script Kiddies

  Blue Hat hackers

 19. State or Nation sponsored hackers are those who have been employed by their state or nation's government to snoop in and penetrate through full security to gain confidential information from other governments to stay at the top online.



 20. Black Hat hackers will hack into your system with the good intention of finding vulnerabilities and help you remove virus and malware from your system.