06 - Final Test

 1. Fill in the blanks for the following excerpt on an important type of systems software.
The ______ (basic input/output system) gets the computer system started 
after you turn it on and manages the data flow between the operating 
system and attached devices such as the hard disk, video adapter, 
keyboard, mouse, and printer.





 2. The boot program loads the operating system into the computer's main memory or random access memory (RAM).



 3. Internet/Web OS: Is designed to run on the browser that is online.



 4. Other types of systems software (apart from Operating systems) include:

  Device Drivers


  All of the above

  Translators and Utility programs

 5. Translators are systems software that translate low level languages into high level languages.



 6. These programs ensure optimum functionality of devices and applications. They are 'useful' programs that the user can utilise on the system

  Utility Programs

  Hash Programs


  Device Drivers

 7. Examples of Utility software include:

  Disk defragmentation services, Data recovery and File compression

  Disk partition services e.g. Partition magic

  All of the above

  Antivirus and security software

 8. Disk degragmenters are used to:

  delete all the contents of RAM (this is 'defragging')

  Break all the data on the system into 'fragments' that are then stored securely

  organize scattered files on the drive

  destroy a corrupt hard drive

 9. File Compression utility software is useful to optimise disk space. An example is:

  Filezilla (FTP software)

  McAffee Anti Virus

  Sophos Firewall

  WinZip and WinRar

 10. A __________ is the core part of the operating system that defines an API for applications programs (including some system software) and an interface to device drivers


  kiosk chip



 11. What does GUI stand for?

  Graphical Utility Icons

  Graphical User Interactions

  Graphical User Interface

  Graphical Utility Interchange

 12. The operating system on most computers and smartphones provide an interface that has icons, titles and menus. This type of interface is the GUI.



 13. A program can be in only one of three possible states at a time. What are these three states?

  Breaking, Refreshing & Analysing

  Jogging, Waiting & Runnable

  Running, Refreshing & Waiting

  Running, Waiting & Runnable

 14. Which of the following is a feature of a device driver?

  Manages which program runs in the RAM

  Increments the program counter by 1

  Handles the translation of requests between a device and the computer

  Gives the illusion that multiple programs are running simultaneously

 15. Mobile phones do not have operating systems



 16. An operating system (or 'OS') controls the general operation of a computer, and provides an easy way for us to ______________
Note: When the OS runs a piece of software it has to find the program
files on the storage drive, load them into main memory, and instruct
the CPU to start executing the program from the beginning

  interact directly with the CPU and write machine code

  interact with other people on the internet and on social media

  write in binary to control the CPU and fully understand the operations inside

  interact with computers and run applications.

 17. Advantages of using a CLI (Command line interface) include:

  more flexibility than a GUI

  All of the above are valid options

  a faster way to get tasks done

  uses less memory

 18. A real-time OS could be installed in special purpose embedded systems like robots, cars, and modems



 19. Single-user and single-task OS: These are typically installed on single-user devices like _______.

  main frame servers

  robotic arms


  networked machines

 20. A network OS is typically used to share resources such as files and printers in a network setup or environment



 21. An operating system is a type of:

  Interface between the hardware and the printer

  Hardware driver

  None of the above

  System software

 22. Which of the following do operating systems NOT handle the management of:
I/O devices
cables and wires

  memory and security

   cables and wires

  I/O devices and cables and wires


 23. What is a multitasking operating system?

  allowing a user to perform more than one computer task (such as the operation of an application program) at a time.

  All of the above are valid and correct explanations

  This allows several programs to be stored in RAM at the same time

  This sort of OS allows the user to run multiple programs at once.

 24. A server OS, is designed to run on ?

  clients and servers and mainframes

  None of the above



 25. Systems software is actually a type of functional hardware that is integrated into all machines.



 26. Which of the following is an accurate description of system software:

  Program that runs application programs and computer hardware

  All of the above are valid and correct explanations

  Computer software that helps the computer to run

  Interface between hardware and applications

 27. What is the purpose of the kernel in an operating system?

  Takes care of the low level hardware operations

  Used to operate the hardware

  All of the above

  Connections applications to the hardware

 28. A user interface is a 'visual' for a computer to interact with the CPU directly.



 29. The following is referring to how a ______ is used:
User provides a text input/command/string using the computer keyboard and the computer displays/prints/outputs text on the monitor.

  None of the above




 30. Windows is a commonly used operating system. What are two others?

  Mobile OS


  All of the above


 31. What is memory management?

  None of the above

  system level

  CPU level

  Software level

 32. An incremental back up stores the changes made since the last backup.



 33. When a device uses fewer bits to transmit the same amount of data - this is referred to as:

  data deletion

  data internetting

  data emulation

  data compression

 34. The process of physically organising the mass storage device into the smallest number of fragments is called





 35. What is the encryption method used by web browsers to encrypt details of purchases

  DNS server encryption

  Enigma Cipher encryption

  Secure Socket Layer/SSL