05 - Practice Test

 1. System software is a type of computer program that is designed to run a computer?s ____________
Note: If we think of the computer system as a layered model, the system software is the interface between the hardware and user applications

  hardware and application programs.

  mouse and printer drivers

  design and game consoles

  software and driver programs

 2. The best known example of system's software is the O __________ S__________
Bill Gates created his very own operating system. Yep, you guessed it! He created the windows operating system. Why not watch this video about making your own?

  Opcode Sentient

  Operating System

  Opulent System

  None of the above

 3. Fill in the blanks for the following excerpt on an important type of systems software.
The ______ (basic input/output system) gets the computer system started 
after you turn it on and manages the data flow between the operating 
system and attached devices such as the hard disk, video adapter, 
keyboard, mouse, and printer.





 4. The boot program loads the operating system into the computer's main memory or random access memory (RAM).



 5. Internet/Web OS: Is designed to run on the browser that is online.



 6. AI software has now been created to help protect water suppliers. This is considered more efficient than a small team of humans analysing the water supply for different types of bacteria



 7. What is software?

  The wires and switches

  The programs and other operating information used by a computer

  The physical components of a computer

  The devices to connect you to a network

 8. What must software be translated into for the hardware to 'understand'?

  High level language

  Object code

  Machine code

  Low level language

 9. The following are all types of what…
1) Firmware 2) Operating systems 3) Software applications





 10. What is firmware?

  A hardware device to enhance system security

  A hardware device to enhance internet speed

  A program working with the operating system

  A program embedded onto a hardware device

 11. What is an operating system?

  Software that allows the user to connect to the internet

  A hardware device to enhance internet speed

  A platform that gives the user an interface to the hardware

  A hardware device to enhance system security

 12. What is software?

  A material (tangible) interface that you can touch

  Binary bits hard coded into the computer

  Hardware required to make the operating system function

  None of these options apply

 13. Which of the following statements is an accurate description for 'open source software'?
1) Software that is free and openly available to everyone (people who create open
source products publish the code and allow others to use and modify it) 

2) Software that legally remains the property of the organisation, group, or 
individual who created it

3) Software that is licensed at no cost, or for an 
optional fee (It is usually closed source)




  None of these options apply

 14. Software includes system software and ?.


  application software

  All of the above

  windows software

 15. Systems software includes:

  All of the listed options are valid examples of systems software


  utility software

  operating systems software

 16. Robot Operating System (ROS) is robotics middleware (i.e. collection of software frameworks for robot software development)



 17. What is an operating system?

  It is a piece of hardware and software (combined) that controls the operating of the entire computer system

  It is a piece of operational hardware that controls only the CPU and the internal registers

  It is a piece of software that controls the general operation of a computer and provides an easy way for us to interact with computers

  It is a piece of hardware that allows us to interact and interface with the computer

 18. Which two of the following options are valid operating systems

  Linux & Windows

  iOS & Yahoo

  Google Chrome & Windows

  Linux & Google Chrome

 19. The operating system provides a helpful ______________ which aids the user in their interactions with the hardware (by hiding the computer's internal complexity)





 20. What does GUI stand for?

  Graphical User Interface

  Graphical Utility Icons

  Graphical Utility Interchange

  Graphical User Interactions

 21. The operating system on most computers and smartphones provide an interface that has icons, titles and menus. This type of interface is the GUI.



 22. Which of the following is an advantage of a CLI (Command Line Interface)?

  It has text that is easy to read

  The commands have to be remembered by the programmer

  There is no advantage - it is a poor interface in comparison to all the others

  can be much faster and more flexible than any other type of interface

 23. A real-time OS could be installed in special purpose embedded systems like robots, cars, and modems



 24. Single-user and multitask OS: These are usually installed and found on contemporary personal computers



 25. Multi-user OS: These tend to be installed in network environments where _____________ Server OS's are examples of multi-user operating systems.

  none of these options are valid

  a single user has to share resources with the world

  multiple comptuers use a single server

  many users have to share resources.

 26. In 2016, the top 10 Utility software vendors accounted for nearly 45% of the global Utility applications market which grew 1.5% to approach nearly $3.3 billion in license, maintenance and subscription revenues



 27. What is encryption software?

  Software that hides your files

  Software that uses changes public keys into private keys

  Software that uses cryptography to prevent unauthorized access to digital information

  Software that prevents viruses

 28. What is used to encrypt and decrypt code?

  A key

  A code

  A licence

  A card

 29. Using encryption software makes your personal data more vulnerable to attack and interception



 30. Why are backups for files/data/programs important?

  Because your computer tells you it is

  It ensures that there is a way of restoring any files/programs/data that has been lost

  So if your data was stolen, you have can track who stole it

  Ensures you don’t worry about losing data