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Storyboards and Scripts

 A storyboard is a visual sequence of images which show how your film, animation, or interactive media sequence will develop. The storyboard outlines its visual progression. For a film, a storyboard might set out the type of shots or images required, the camera angles, lighting, sound effects, music, motion arrows, diagloue and scene timings.  

Think about who might need to use your storyboard?

File:Storyboard ryzom.jpg - Wikimedia Commons

A script is a written document that sets out what will be said, what will be seen and what will happen. Scripts are used not just in films but also in TV and radio adverts, comic books, animations and computer games. 

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What is a storyboard?

A storyboard is a graphical representation of how you want your media to unfold, shot by shot. It is made up of a sequence of pictures representing each shot, with notes about what is going on in the scene. It is like a comic book version of a script

What makes up a storyboard?

Storyboards are a combination of:


• Camera angles

• Lighting

• Sound effects

• Background music

• Motion arrows

• Dialogue

• Scene timings

Storyboards are cheap and effective ways of sharing the vision you have for your design. They also speed up and simplify the production process, as you have a clear sequence and idea of what each shot entails.

More on Scripts

The script is only used as an outline as it will be interpreted by many different professions such as the director, cast, editor, and production crew.

Scripts are written in the present tense, as if everything is happening in real time. Scripts usually contain the following elements:

A slugline – this is where and when the scene is taking place. INT/EXT – indicates whether the scene is inside or outside. DAY/NIGHT – the time of day. Action – this contains the narrative description of what is happening. It may include camera shot types and angles, together with an indication of any sounds which may be heard. Characters – names are always in CAPITAL letters. Dialogue – is always centered.

Scripts usually follow a standard format that began in the Hollywood movie industry.

One page is traditionally approximately one minute of screen time. The 'slug line' is a description at the beginning of each new scene and normally states: (1) whether the scene is set inside (interior/INT.) or outside (exterior/EXT.), the location and the time of day. The dialogue is in a central column in the middle of the page and character names (at least the first time they appear) are in capitals. Any action will be described in the present tense.

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