# 01 - Introduction to Algorithms

1. You could think of an algorithm as a ____________________ that are necessary to follow in order to solve a problem.

series of combined brains

series of problems

series of steps

program code

2. The word algorithm itself derives from the 9th Century mathematician Muhammad bin Musa al-Khwarizmi

False

True

3. In computer science, an algorithm is devised to help a programmer or computer accomplish a certain task. A _____ or pseudocode can be used to devise an algorithm.

line of ASCII code

flowchart

sequence of binary numbers

4. Babylonian clay tablets described and employed algorithmic procedures to compute the time and place of significant astronomical events.
`Image source: https://scientificgems.wordpress.com`

TRUE

FALSE

5. Interesting trivia question: How does Google Hangouts transmit live video across the Internet so quickly? And how does Google Maps figure out a route from x to y?

Google uses a single algorithm to accomplish every task (including video streaming and path finding)

Google uses Big O notation to accomplish both these things

Video compression algorithm / route finding algorithm

Google does not use algorithms for this, as it is isn't algorithmic in nature

6. Not all algorithms are created equal - so which of the following is important for making a 'good' algorithm?
```1. The algorithm should solve the problem
2. The algorithm should solve the problem efficiently
3. The algorithm should take up the maximum amount of resources
4. The algorithm should take up minimal (ideally) resources
5. The algorithm should be as slow and precise as possible
6. The algorithm should be both precise and as fast as possible```

1,2,4 and 6

1 and 5 only

1,2 and 5 only

4 and 5 only

7. In Computer science ____________________ is used to handle the issues that arise in analysing and comparing algorithms.

boolean logic

the starred algorithm

karnuah mapping

asymptotic analysis

8. In Asymptotic Analysis, we evaluate the performance of an algorithm in terms of _____________ (we donâ€™t measure the actual running time).
`Note: We calculate, how does the time (or space) taken by an algorithm increases with the input size.`

the length of the code

input size

output

the x and y coordinates

9. Read the categorisation of algorithms below and fill in the blanks for the third category.
```Usually, the time required by an algorithm falls under three types ?

Best Case ? Minimum time required for program execution.

Average Case ? Average time required for program execution.

____________???? Maximum time required for program execution.```

Zero case

Worst case

Scale case

Lowest case

10. Because an algorithm is a precise list of precise steps, the ____ of computation is always crucial to the functioning of the algorithm

output

order

input

code

11. Algorithms can be expressed in many kinds of notation, including natural languages, pseudocode, flowcharts, drakon-charts, programming languages or control tables

FALSE

TRUE

12. One of the most important aspects of algorithm design is creating an algorithm that has an efficient run-time, also known as its _____

Big O

scale time

finite O

Big N notation

13. Decide whether the following excerpt on algorithms is true or false
```Most algorithms are intended to be implemented as computer programs.
However, algorithms are also implemented by other means, such as in a
biological neural network (for example, the human brain implementing
arithmetic or an insect looking for food), in an electrical circuit,
or in a mechanical device```

FALSE

TRUE

14. ___________may be used to compare before/after potential improvements to an algorithm after program optimization

Hallmarks

Benchmarks

Algobrains

CPU markers

15. This refers to the amount of data that the algorithm will manipulate.

input size

minimal size

output size

intractable

16. Some problems cannot be solved in a time which is practical with current processing power and they are called ________ problems.

finite

miniscual

feasible

intractable

17. This is a problem that tries to identify whether a program will eventually halt or whether it will run forever.

artificial intelligence problem

turing complete problem

humanoid spirituality problem

halting problem

18. In any given problem, as the input size increases, there will be more resources required in terms of processor power and storage. This means:

the processing time could grow exponentially depending on the time complexity of the algorithm

the processing time could remain exactly the same, regardless of the input

the processing time could decrease, with the input size, as this is usually what occurs in these scenarios

the processing time could be reduced drastically and therefore solve the problem

19. Many applications are _________ which means that they have to react instantly. Any delay caused by an inefficient algorithm could prevent the system from working properly

delay critical

virtual reaction algorithms

time critical

scale critical

20. BigO is, simply put, a measure of ___________________. In a best case scenario, even the worst algorithm may be finished in one operation/iteration

time input collation

algorithm complexity

output delay

time and scalability